The Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology and Image Synthesis, joining the University Paul Sabatier (Toulouse III) and the CNRS had fundamental research focuses on humans and human diversity, from the first hominids to extant humans inhabiting different environments, across the world. Research on ancient fossils is accomplished using advanced imaging technology, and paleogenomic and paleoproteomic analyses are made on more recent biological remains especially from the Holocene period. Modern populations located in the same geographic areas as burials of ancient skeletons are studied within the research frameworks of settlement history and the interaction human/environment, focusing on human ecology and health – specially the detection of ancient disease in past populations- , using genomic and epigenetics tools. The laboratory develops applied research primarily within the field of legal medicine, notably in the improvement of identification techniques for degraded DNA and in virtual autopsies.
The laboratory has grown in importance over the last decade due to the arrival of CNRS researchers, medicine and dentistry lecturers and PhD students from all around the world. In addition, senior researchers are in tune with regional, national and international research sectors especially with Museum of Toulouse and OHM in Midi-Pyrénées, French network in anthropology of the living, Denmark in Europe, and outside Europe in South Africa, Russian Federation, Arctic Circle, Mongolia, and countries from the Indian Ocean area.